SO245 Lesson 8 Exam

Question 1 (5 points)
Lenski proposed four levels of technological progress. The fourth level began in the context of the
Question 1 options:

a)Renaissance.

b)Reformation.

c)Industrial Revolution.

d)Enlightenment.


Question 2 (5 points)
Only seldom does the water of the Colorado River eventually reach its delta in the Gulf of
Question 2 options:

a)California.

b)Alaska.

c)Mexico.

d)Oman.


Question 3 (5 points)
In general, corporations emphasize profit-oriented applications of new technology, making them the engine of _______ culture.
Question 3 options:

a)nonmaterial

b)civil

c)material

d)societal
Question 4 (5 points)
The English word "left" is derived from the Old English lyft, which means
Question 4 options:

a)debased.

b)crooked.

c)sinister.

d)worthless.
Question 5 (5 points)
Under the concept of _______, we can assume that a cause can be identified for every effect.
Question 5 options:

a)objectivism

b)reductionism

c)expressionism

d)determinism


Question 6 (5 points)
According to _______, Stage 3 is marked by an increase in the service sector and is a source of modern social problems.
Question 6 options:

a)Toffler

b)White

c)Lenski

d)Ogburn


Question 7 (5 points)
For Gerhard Lenski, the key to human progress is
Question 7 options:

a)sentience.

b)information.

c)mastery of language.

d)logic and writing.


Question 8 (5 points)
According to Leslie White, the key to human progress is
Question 8 options:

a)controlling population.

b)mastering technology.

c)domesticating animals.

d)harnessing energy.


Question 9 (5 points)
The premises of scientism cannot be subjected to
Question 9 options:

a)contradiction.

b)falsification.

c)empirical analysis.

d)empirical observation.


Question 10 (5 points)
According to the text, which year has been the hottest on record to date?
Question 10 options:

a)2016

b)2017

c)2001

d)2010


Question 11 (5 points)
According to the course, which statement is false?
Question 11 options:

a)Science and its technological applications must be subject to rigorous ethical guidelines.

b)Global capitalism should be abandoned in favor of a more equitable distribution of resources.

c)We should create a single global society under the control of a central government.

d)We can balance head and heart by valuing both masculine and feminine virtues.


Question 12 (5 points)
The Nile has two main sources. The Blue Nile flows from the highlands of Ethiopia; the White Nile flows from the region of Lake Victoria in Uganda. The two rivers meet at Khartoum in Sudan. Today, there are serious tensions between the governments of Egypt and Ethiopia regarding the construction of
Question 12 options:

a)a shared dam that will provide water for agricultural uses.

b)an Ethiopian dam to produce hydroelectric power.

c)a wind power station that will mainly benefit Ethiopia.

d)an Egyptian dam to manage flooding of the Nile.


Question 13 (5 points)
To accomplish a paradigm shift, the heaviest burden must be borne by the
Question 13 options:

a)peripheral states.

b)established semi-peripheral states.

c)newly established semi-peripheral nations.

d)developed nations.


Question 14 (5 points)
Concerns about the military-industrial complex and its threat to America's democratic institutions were first introduced to the public by
Question 14 options:

a)Dwight Eisenhower.

b)Richard Nixon.

c)George H. W. Bush.

d)Ronald Reagan.


Question 15 (5 points)
In Leslie White's formula E = P*T, "T" stands for
Question 15 options:

a)the measure of energy efficiency.

b)the sum of energy produced.

c)energy production per capita.

d)a measure of energy dissipation per capita.


Question 16 (5 points)
Which technology is often described as "rats in a maze"?
Question 16 options:

a)Automated phone services

b)Government surveillance devices

c)Social media applications

d)Monitored workstations


Question 17 (5 points)
One primary argument against the use of nuclear fission for generating energy is the
Question 17 options:

a)risk of a core meltdown.

b)possibility of water pollution.

c)accumulation of lethal radioactive waste.

d)infinite supply of uranium.


Question 18 (5 points)
According to a NASA report, about _______ percent of climate scientists agree that changes to the climate over the past century can be attributed to human activities.
Question 18 options:

a)97

b)90

c)50

d)30


Question 19 (5 points)
In defining future shock, Alvin Toffler invented the term
Question 19 options:

a)information overload.

b)disinformation.

c)misinformation.

d)cultural lag.


Question 20 (5 points)
Carbon atoms have _______ open gaps in their L shell, permitting the formation of highly complex compounds such as proteins and DNA molecules.
Question 20 options:

a)2

b)3

c)4

d)6

Field of study: 
Date Due: 
Saturday, June 13, 2020

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SO245 Lesson 8 Exam

SO245 Lesson 8 Exam

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